The EVAP canister vent control valve is located on the EVAP canister
and is used to seal the canister vent.
This solenoid valve responds to signals from the ECM. When the
ECM sends an ON signal, the coil in the solenoid valve is energized.
A plunger will then move to seal the canister vent. The ability to seal
the vent is necessary for the on board diagnosis of other evaporative
emission control system components.
This solenoid valve is used only for diagnosis, and usually remains
When the vent is closed, under normal purge conditions, the evaporative
emission control system is depressurized and allows “EVAP
Control System (Small Leak, Gross Leak, Very Small Leak)” diagnosis.